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Mount Everest
« : 11 Temmuz 2007, 14:27:59 »

Age of Everest: Everest was formed about 60 million years ago
Elevation: 29,035 (8850m)-found to be 6' higher in 1999
Name in Nepal: Sagarmatha (means: goddess of the sky)
In Tibet: Chomolungma: (means: mother goddess of the universe)
Named after: Sir George Everest in 1865 ,the British surveyor-general of India. Once known as Peak 15
Location: Latitude 27° 59' N.....Longitude 86° 56' E It's summit ridge seperates Nepal and Tibet
First Ascent: May 29,1953 by Sir Edmund Hillary, NZ and Tenzing Norgay, NP, via the South Col Route
First Solo Ascent: Aug. 20,1980, Reinhold Messner, IT, via the NE Ridge to North Face
First winter Ascent: Feb. 17,1980 -L.Cichy and K. Wielicki, POL
First Ascent by an American: May 1,1963, James Whittaker, via the South-Col
Mt. Everest rises a few milimeters each year due to geological forces
Everest Name: Sir George Everest was the first person to record the height and location of Mt. Everest, this is where Mt."Everest" got its name from(In american language)
First Ascent by a Woman: May 16,1975, Junko Tabei, JAP, via the South-Col
First Ascent by an American Woman: Sep.29,1988, Stacey Allison, Portland, OR via the South-East Ridge
First Oxygenless Ascent: May 8, 1978- Reinhold Messner, IT, and Peter Habeler, AUT, via the South-East Ridge
First woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest from both north & south sides:
Cathy O'Dowd (S.A.) South May 25,1996/North '99
Fastest Ascent from South:
Babu Chhiri Sherpa 34, NP-16 hours and 56 minutes (5-21-2000)
Fastest Ascent (north side): Hans Kammerlander (IT) May,24,1996, via the standard North Col Ridge Route, 16 hours 45 minutes from base camp
Youngest person: Temba Tsheri (NP) 15 on May,22,2001
Oldest Person: Sherman Bull May,25,2001 -64 yrs
First Legally Blind Person: Erik Weihenmeyer May,25,2001
Most Ascents: Eleven, 24th May 2000 Appa Sherpa became the first person to climb Everest 11 times-Ten, Ang Rita Sherpa, Babu Chiri Sherpa all ascents were oxygen-less.
Best and Worst Years on Everest: 1993, 129 summitted and eight died (a ratio of 16:1); in 1996, 98 summitted and 15 died (a ratio of 6½:1)
Highest cause cause of death: Avalanches-about a (2:1) ratio over falls
Country with most deaths on mountain: Nepal-46
Most dangerous area on mountain: Khumbu Ice Fall-19 deaths
First ski descent: Davo Karnicar (Slovenia) 10-7-2000
Last year without ascent: 1974
Last year without ascent: 1977
Corpses remaining on Everest: about 120
Longest stay on top: Babu Chiri Sherpa stayed at the summit full 21 hours and a half
Largest team: In 1975, China tackled Everest with a 410-member team.
Fastest descent: In 1988, Jean-Marc Boivin of France descended from the top in just 11 minutes, paragliding.
Only climber to climb all 4 sides of Everest: Kushang Sherpa, now an instructor with Himlayan Mountaineering Institute
First person to hike from sea level to summit, no oxygen.: 11th May 1990,Tim Macartney-Snape, Australian
Largest number to reach the top in one day: 40, on May 10, 1993
First person to summit Everest twice: Nawang Gombu-Nepal(once with Whitaker in '63,and again two years later in '65)Gombu now works for the Himalayan mountaineering institute
The oldest woman to summit
Anna Czerwinska May 22, 2000.

The History Of Everest:

1924: "Because It Is There"
On the morning of June 8, British climbers George Mallory (responsible for the famous quip) and Sandy Irvine set out from their camp at 26,700 feet (8,138 meters) on the Northeast Ridge. They are last seen hours later, "moving expeditiously" toward the summit.

1950: Switching Sides
The Chinese invade Tibet, and the northern approach, used by all previous expeditions, is shut off to Westerners. Today, each season sees attempts on both the Tibetan and Nepalese sides of the peak, though most commercial expeditions climb from Nepal.

1953: First on Top
Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay become the first men to stand on the summit. They ascend via the South Col route, today the most popular path to the summit.

1960: North Side Mystery
A Chinese expedition claims a first ascent of the mountain's north side, but doubts plague their account. There is no summit shot and scant evidence of the team above the Second Step.

1963: Yankee Victory
Jim Whittaker becomes the first American to summit. Three weeks later, his teammates pioneer the West Ridge route.

1975: First Lady of Everest
Japanese climber Junko Tabei is the first woman to reach the summit. The same year, a British team led by Chris Bonington climbs the Southwest Face.

1978: No Air Apparent
Tyrolean superclimbers Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler become the first to summit the mountain without using supplementary oxygen.

1980: Back For An Encore
Messner returns to make the first solo ascent, again without supplementary oxygen. He climbs during the August monsoon season, improvising a partially new route.

1982: Vanished Legends
British mountaineers Peter Boardman and Joe Tasker disappear between the previously unclimbed First and Second Pinnacles on the Northeast Ridge. The two are ascending the knife-edge route without supplemental oxygen.

1983: Everybody Kangshung
Lou Reichardt and his American teammates claim the first ascent of the daunting Kangshung (East) Face. In all, six climbers reach the top.

1988: The Biggest Jump
Jean-Marc Boivin climbs the Southeast Ridge and straps on a portable paraglider for an 11-minute soar down to Camp II. The same year, Stephen Venables completes a new route, the Neverest Buttress, up the Kangshung Face.

2000: Super Sherpa
Babu Chiri Sherpa climbs from Base Camp to the summit in under 17 hours, a south-side speed-ascent record that still stands. A year later, Babu Chiri is killed in a crevasse fall near Camp II.

2001: Mountain Boarder
Marco Siffredi claims the first snowboard descent of the peak. He vanishes the next year, as he attempts to descend the Hornbein Couloir.

2002: Altitude Addict
Apa Sherpa surpasses his own record for most Everest summits. His current tally: 12 times on top.

2003: "Reality" on Everest
In April the Outdoor Life Network's Global Extremes will bring its finalist to Everest. Their quest: to reach the top on live TV—without getting voted off the mountain.

1996: Death Zone Debacle
Eight climbers die in a single storm, among them top guides Rob Hall and Scott Fischer. Frostbitten climber Beck Weathers survives the ordeal. Jon Krakauer's best-seller Into Thin Air prompts a public debate over what went wrong.

1999: High Exposure
Climber Conrad Anker, a member of an American research expedition, discovers the body of George Mallory at 26,700 feet (8,138 meters) on the North Face. He finds no evidence that the Brit reached the summit.

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Edmund Hillary, first atop Everest, dies

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